Egypt Religion Part II

We also mention the tamarisk, the thorny acacia, the ‛erew tree, the lotus flower called Nefrtême” Totally beautiful ” in Menfi, the ne‛re in the XX-XXI noun, the neṣfe in the XIII-XIV, the ze’re. Many were the adored animals. The ram has a very ancient temple, mentioned on monuments of the 1st dynasty, in Heracleopolis in Fayyūm with the epithet Ḥrišajjef “Head of his lake” (alliteration with š efj “beak” similar to Akkadian š apparu ?); they venerate him in Mende as Ba ‘”Aries” (sem. jobel); in the region of the first cataract as Gnûm “ram” (sem. ġ anam), with the name Gerte in the city of Nez’e and in Letopoli. Later we find it in Antinoe, in Śemn-ḥûr capital of the XXI name of Upper Egypt, in Latopoli, in Hypselis, in Panopolis, in Coptic; perhaps by aggregation to the god Ammon it appears in Thebes and in the oasis of Sīwah. A vulture is the goddess of Eileithyiaspolis (el-Kāb), and from the Egyptian name of the city, which was Nḫab, she is designated as Neḫbıjie “That of Nḫab”; she became protector of the kingdom for the fortune of the princes of the nearby Ieraconpoli. A similar fate befell Mût “Vulture”, worshiped near the pond ‘Ešrew in Thebes, who protected the destinies of Egypt as the wife of Ammon. The cult of the crocodile, Sóbek, is spread all over the world.

According to Clothesbliss, a temple has been in Šéṭe (Crocodilopolis) in Fayyūm, since the dawn of history. A Sais is considered the son of Neit, it is venerated in the III, IV, V names of Lower Egypt; originally also in the VI of the high, Denderah. Crocodilopolis (el-Gebelein) and Ombos (Kōm Ombō) are other centers; mummies of the animal found in the necropolis and the testimonies of the classics attest to it in Thebes, in Eileithyiaspolis, in Thuphium (et-Tōd), in Coptic, in Chenoboskion (Qaṣr eṣ-Ṣayyād), in Diosspolis Parva (Hū), Anteopolis. Even in prehistoric times, the cult of Ḥûr “Falcone” (Semitic Anteopolis. Even in prehistoric times, the cult of Ḥûr “Falcone” (Semitic Anteopolis. Even in prehistoric times, the cult of Ḥûr “Falcone” (Semitic ḥ urr) in the city of Ieraconpoli (Kōm el-Aḥmar). It was incarnated in the prince of the place and became the god par excellence with whose ideogram the names of the gods are determined in the hieroglyphs. Ḥebnew (near el-Minyā), Sele, capital of the 14th name of Lower Egypt, are also worshipers of the falcon. He may have assimilated himself to a local god Ḥenteġtḡj in Athparmi. We find him given various epithets: Ḥar-wêr (‘Αρούηρυς “the great hawk”) in Ombos, in Apollinopolis Parva (Qūṣ), in Letopoli; Ṭewn‛enwej “he who spreads his wings” in the seventeenth name of Upper Egypt; ‛Entei” unghiuto “in Hieracon; Menṣewej from an unknown Menṣew. Probably also Ḥemen of Asphynis (Aṣfūn el-Maṭā‛nah) is an epithet of the falcon. In Menfi he is conceived traveling in the solar boat, hence his name Zôker “, Coptic sgêr“navigate”). In Buto in the western Delta the most ancient god was the heron Ṣeb‛ewte “that of Buto”, later replaced by Ḥôr when the conquerors came from Upper Egypt; another with the name Bq̂jnew (which gave rise to the Greek “phoenix”) was worshiped in the XIV of the Lower. The ibis would seem to have had a cult, as well as in the XV of the Lower (Hermopolis Parva), in Hermopolis Magna (el-Ashmūnein), and they were found in Saqqārah, Abūṣīr el-Maleq, Tell el-‛Amārnah, Abido, Thebes, Kōm Ombō. Santa was the cat in the city of Bubasti (Tell Basṭah), from which it had the name B’aśtêje “that of Bubasti”, necropolis were found in Sais, in Tani, in Saqqārah, in Benī Ḥasan, in Gebel Abū Fōdah (near el -Qūsiyyah), in Thebes. The god ‛Enṣew worshiped in Heliopolis and Per-śópṭe was an Ichneumonid, as was the Ha’tulew of Heracleopolis; he also had a cult of Buto, Tani and Bubasti, in the last two of which even mummies were found. Perhaps a striped hyena was the god described as having red ears, a striped back, and called Be’bû’e “that of the lair”; the characteristic crown of Upper Egypt with which his name is written makes us suppose it is related to that region.

Thus a hippo-goddess should be Jpjej of the ancient kingdom, since under this name she will later be worshiped in Thebes, like the male in the provinces IX and XI of the Delta. The lion is a god in Sele and Bubasti, where they call him Miḥûze ‘”Lion with a ferocious look”; the goddess-lioness has the epithet Śáḫme “Dominatrix” in Memphis; Pa’ḫe “Scratchy” at Speos Artemidos (Iṣṭabl ‛Antar); Meḥje “Full” to This (el-Birbā), because identified at solar eye; Me’teie in Ieraconpoli (near Deir el-Giabrāwī), Menheje “Butcher” in Esnā. A Leonine couple, Rewte, were venerated in Leontopolis (Tell el-Yahūdiyyeh). The leopard, Ma’feṭe, appears since the first dynasty; it is not known where it was worshiped, it is related to a “Castle of living”.

Egypt Religion 2