You will experience impressive antiquities, witnesses of one of the first high cultures of mankind, and the most beautiful diving areas in the world on a tour of Egypt. Visit pyramids, tombs and temples in the land of the pharaohs. Stroll through the Great Library of Alexandria and through Cairo’s old town – whose Islamic architecture is a UNESCO World Heritage Site – or follow in the footsteps of the child king Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings. An Egypt study tour takes you along the Nile to the most important buildings such as the mausoleum of Aga Khan, the great temple of Rames II and the sun miracle of Abu Simbel. Giza with its world-famous pyramids, the imposing Sphinx and the Temple of Luxor are still among the highlights of a trip to Egypt.
Egypt study trips with high educational and recreational value
Most bus tours through the land of the pharaohs start on the Mediterranean in Cairo, the capital of Egypt, which is worth the trip in itself. The largest city in the Arab world offers its visitors numerous attractions – from the Hanging Church and the Gomhouriya Theater to the Mohammed Ali Mosque on the Citadel. A classic Egypt tour does not only take place on land, but above all on water. Since the Nile was already used by the pharaohs as the main route of traffic and transportation, there are numerous important sights along the river bank. A Nile cruise takes you from the Upper Egyptian city of Luxor to Aswan. The land between Israel, Libya and Sudan, which stretches from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea, is not only an ideal destination for study trips. Beach holidaymakers and diving fans also get their money’s worth here. Around the tourist coastal towns of Hurghada, Sharm El-Sheik and Safaga are some of the most beautiful diving areas in the world. It is worthwhile to extend a cultural tour of Egypt to include a bathing stay at the Red Sea, in order to dive, snorkel or simply relax.
Saladin Citadel (Cairo)
The Kurdish general and Sultan Saladin, actually Salah al Din in Arabic, ruled Egypt and Syria after a victorious campaign in the 12th century, which at that time extended far into what is now Iraq. His name meant something like “the victorious ruler”. After his death, Saladin was increasingly elevated to a legendary figure of the ideal Islamic ruler, who is actually only surpassed by the prophet Mohammed himself. His citadel in Cairo is one of the few preserved city fortifications in the ever-growing Moloch of the giant metropolis and an outstanding sight. The citadel is located on a hill southeast of downtown Cairo. Together with the pyramids of Giza and other points, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site “Historic Cairo” in 1979.
The citadel complex
Sultan Saladin had the citadel built between 1176 and 1183 AD in order to defend Cairo against the Crusaders who tried to recapture the Holy Land during that time and repeatedly came to Egypt. After Saladin’s end, the citadel fell into disrepair for centuries, but the new ruler of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha, made it his seat of government in the early 19th century and carried out important renovations and repairs. Muhammad Ali Pascha also achieved Egypt’s independence from the Ottomans in 1810.
The citadel today
The citadel was opened to the public in the mid-1990s and has since become one of the attractions of the Egyptian capital. From the hill on which the citadel is located, you can see as far as the pyramids of Giza on a clear day and have a wide view over Cairo. Just below the citadel are the Sultan Hassan Mosque and the Ibn Tulun Mosque, which form the religious center of the Egyptian capital. From the citadel you also have a good view of the flat roofs of Cairo’s townhouses, which are often used as storage space or storage location for goods.
Khan El-Khalili bazaar
If you want to enjoy the typical oriental market activity in Cairo, you will definitely get your money’s worth at the Khan El-Khalili bazaar in the old town of the Egyptian capital near the Saiyidna el-Husain mosque. The largest and oldest market in all of North Africa, which was founded as a caravanserai in the 14th century, is characterized by its extremely diverse range of products. The huge Khan El-Khalili bazaar is also one of the most popular attractions in the city. Every year it attracts millions of visitors from all over the world. A long walk through the numerous narrow streets and across the many small squares is a must for Cairo visitors. The most seductive scents are in the air at every nook and cranny of the bazaar. A wide variety of goods are offered in countless small and large stalls – from traditional local jewelry to works of art and leather goods to fresh fruit, meat and other local foods. You are sure to find the right holiday souvenir for your loved ones at home here. There are also small craft businesses on the bazaar area that also sell their products on site. There are also many small restaurants or bars in the Khan El-Khalili bazaar to relax in the meantime. The coffee house “el Fishawi” is one of the most popular attractions of the market. You are sure to find the right holiday souvenir for your loved ones at home here. There are also small craft businesses on the bazaar area that also sell their products on site. There are also many small restaurants or bars in the Khan El-Khalili bazaar to relax in the meantime. The coffee house “el Fishawi” is one of the most popular attractions of the market.