Southern Africa

Southern Africa is inherently a vague concept, but often includes the African countries that are located in south of Tanzania and DR Congo. According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Southern Africa includes the following 9 countries:

Area (km²): 600,370
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 1,591,232
Population density (per km²): 2.7
Capital: Gaborone

Area (km²): 30,355
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 2,207,954
Population density (per km²): 72.7
Capital: Maseru

Nation: MALAWI
Area (km²): 118,480
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 10,701,824
Population density (per km²): 90.3
Capital: Lilongwe

Area (km²): 801,590
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 19,607,519
Population density (per km²): 24.5
Capital: Maputo

Area (km²): 825,418
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 1,820,916
Population density (per km²): 2.2
Capital: Windhoek

Area (km²): 17,363
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 1,123,605
Population density (per km²): 64.7
Capital: Mbabane

Area (km²): 1,219,912
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 43,647,658
Population density (per km²): 35.8
Capital: Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria

Nation: ZAMBIA
Area (km²): 752,614
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 9,959,037
Population density (per km²): 13.2
Capital: Lusaka

Area (km²): 390,580
Population (estimated 1 July 2002): 11,376,676
Population density (per km²): 29.1
Capital: Harare

Republic of South Africa

South Africa (Republic of South Africa) is a country located on the southernmost part of the African continent with mountains facing the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It borders Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. Africa’s southernmost point Cape Agulhas is located in the country.

The Khoisan people are those in the region who have lived there for thousands of years. Black South Africans trace their origins to the great lakes of Africa. Whites in South Africa, descendants of later European migrations, consider themselves shaped by South Africa, similar to South Africans, Indians, Asians and Jews.


4th century – the Bantu tribe arrives in the north.

1488 – Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope.

1652 – April 6. The Dutch set up a trading post ( Cape Town ) at Cape of Good Hope.

1797 – The British arrive.

1855 – Pretoria was founded by Marthinus Pretorius and named after his father Andries Pretorius.

1886 – Johannesburg is established. It is South Africa’s largest city with about 6.3 million residents. In Greater Johannesburg there are approx. 10.3 million people, and the city is after Cairo, Lagos and Kinshasa the fourth largest in Africa. The city is one of Africa’s most criminalized cities and also one of the most dangerous. Although crime is declining in the city itself and in the city center, both the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and a number of companies have taken the consequence and moved from the city center to the suburb of Sandton in the northern part of the urban area, where it is safer.

1910 – association and self-government (dominion).

1948 – apartheid.

1961 – Republic.

1980 – FILM. The Gods Go Amok (original title The Gods Must Be Crazy) is a South African comedy film, written and directed by Jamie Uys. It takes place in Botswana and tells the story of Xi (pronounced ‘Gee’ with a hard ‘G’), a bushman from the Kalahari Desert (played by the Namibian farmer Nǃxau) whose tribe has no contact or knowledge of the outside world. The film is followed by four sequels.

1994 – April 27. South Africa’s first democratic parliamentary elections were held. The nation’s first elected president became the then 75-year-old Nelson Mandela.

2010 – World Cup for the first time in Africa.


In 1965, the white minority government unilaterally declared independence from Great Britain, which was not recognized by any state except the Republic of South Africa. The whites maintained their rule with oppression and terror, against which black liberation movements defended themselves. In 1980 Rhodesia became independent under the new name of Zimbabwe and the government passed into the hands of the blacks. In 2000 there were violent riots against white farmers who were to be expropriated against the will of Parliament but with the approval of the President. In 2002 they were given the ultimate warning to leave the country, and by mid-2004 almost all of their farms had given up. In 2002 and 2008, President Robert Mugabe, in office since 1987, was re-elected in controversial elections.

A new constitution came into force in Zimbabwe in May 2013. Robert Mugabe was sworn in as President for the seventh time in August 2013 at Harare Stadium . In November 2017, the military took power in Zimbabwe. Robert Mugabe announced his resignation and Emmerson Mnangagwa became the new president.

Country facts

  • Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe
  • License plate: ZW
  • ISO-3166: ZW, ZWE (716)
  • Internet
  • Currency: 1 Zimbabwean dollar (Z. $) = 100 cents
  • Area: 390 760 km²
  • Population (2019): 14.6 million
  • Capital: Harare
  • Official language (s): Shona, Ndebele, English
  • Form of government: Presidential Republic
  • Administrative division: 10 provinces
  • Head of State: President Emmerson Mnangagwa
  • Religion (s) (2015): Christians (75% Protestants, 7% Catholics, 5% other Christians); 11% non-denominational, 2% followers of traditional local religions, others / not specified
  • Time zone: Central European Time +1 hour
  • National Day: April 18th

Location and infrastructure

  • Location (geographical): South Africa
  • Position (coordinates): between 15 ° 30 ‘and 22 ° 20’ south latitude and 25 ° and 33 ° east longitude
  • Climate: Tropical mountain climate
  • Highest mountain: Inyangani (2 596 m)
  • Road network (2019): 18 481 km (paved), 78 786 km (unpaved)
  • Railway network (2014): 3 427 km


  • Annual population growth (2020): 1.9%
  • Birth rate (2020): 33.6 per 1000 residents
  • Death rate (2020): 9.3 per 1000 residents.
  • Average age (2020): 20.5 years
  • Average life expectancy (2020): 62.3 years (men 60.2; women 64.5)
  • Age structure (2020): 38.3% younger than 15 years, 4.5% older than 65 years
  • Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2015): 86.5%
  • Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2018): 89 per 100 residents
  • Internet users (2017): 27 per 100 residents


  • GDP per capita (2019): US $ 860
  • Total GDP (2019): US $ 13 billion
  • GNI per capita (2019): US $ 1,390
  • Education expenditure (2018): 4.6% of GDP
  • Military expenditure (2019): 1% of GDP
  • Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2019): 5.0%

Southern Africa