Tanzania Overview


Official name of the state

United Republic of Tanzania.


The seat of government is still in Dar es Salaam, the former capital.


As a country located in Africa according to programingplease, Tanzania is located on the Indian Ocean and borders Kenya and Uganda to the north, Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The Tanzanian mainland consists of the 16-64 km wide coastal plain with lush tropical vegetation, the 213-1067 m high Masai savannah in the north and the high plateau in the south, which extends to Zambia and Lake Nyassa. Savannah and bushland cover most of the country, semi-deserts and fertile coastal plains make up the remaining landscape. The inland waters cover an area of over 53,000 square kilometers, the largest portion being made up of the lakes of the Rift Valley, the East African rift valley. The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, about 45 km off the northeast coast, belong to the territory.


Federal presidential republic (in the Commonwealth) since 1964. Constitution from 1977, last amendment in 2000. Unicameral parliament with 274 members. Among them are 232 members elected for five years. The head of state is directly elected every five years. Independent since 1964 (entry into force of the Union), former British protectorate.

Head of state

John Magufuli, since November 2015.

Head of government

Mizengo Pinda, since February 2008.


230 V, 50 Hz. Adapter recommended.

Time zone

Eastern Africa Time: CET +4

Tanzania Overview



Swahili and English are official languages. Arabic and various regional languages.



The following items can be imported into Tanzania duty-free (people over 18 years of age):

200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco;
1 bottle of alcoholic beverages;
Perfume and eau de toilette for personal use.

Prohibited imports

Drugs, pornographic products and weapons. Hunting weapons must be declared.

Prohibited exports

Export of animal material only in compliance with the Washington Convention on Endangered Species. There is an export ban for animal trophies or jewelry with components from animals and for other objects made of animal material that are CITES-listed.

Export regulations

For wood carvings, an inspection certificate and an export permit must be obtained for a fee.


Business etiquette

Local business people expect the usual politeness. Great emphasis is placed on external appearance; Jacket and tie or safari suit or dress, suit or trouser suit are appropriate. The exchange of business cards is common.

Business hours:
Mon-Fri 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 2 p.m. to 4.30 p.m., Sat 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Authorities: Mon-Fri 7.30am-3.30pm.


Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture
(industrial, agricultural and Commerce)
PO Box 9713, Dar es Salaam
Tel: (022) 211 94 36/37.
Internet: www.tccia.com

Business contacts

Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture
(industrial, agricultural and Commerce)
PO Box 9713, Dar es Salaam
Tel: (022) 211 94 36/37.
Internet: www.tccia.com



Dial-up remote service. Telephone booths are available in post offices and larger cities. In some rural areas, international calls must be registered with the operator.


GSM 900 and GSM 1800. Network operators are Vodacom Tanzania (Internet: www.vodacom.co.tz) Zanzibar Telecom and Celtel Tanzania (Internet: http://www.tz.celtel.com/en/index.html). The transmission / reception range for mobile communications is limited to the vicinity of the larger cities.


Internet providers are Africa Online (Internet: www.africaonline.co.tz) and Raha (Internet: www.raha.com). There are many internet caf├ęs in the big cities, and internet access is increasingly being offered in rural areas too.

Post Office

Airmail to Europe takes around five days.


Since the use of shortwave frequencies changes several times over the course of a year, it is advisable to contact Deutsche Welle customer service directly (Tel: (+49) (0228) 429 32 08. Internet: www.dw-world.de) to request.



Hotels of all classes are available. Cheaper hotels are functional, but less comfortable and often fully booked. Prices are i. General Quite high. Two people can usually share a single room; However, this is not possible in hotels in the higher price ranges.


There are campsites in the following parks: Arusha National Park (four), Tarangire National Park (two), Manyara Lake National Park (two), Ngorongoro Conservation Unit (two), Serengeti National Park (seven), Kilimanjaro National Park (one), Mikumi National Park (two), and Ruaha National Park (two). Some have washing facilities, toilets, huts, and firewood; in others the equipment is sometimes quite simple. Before arriving, you should apply for permission to enter, take photos and film, and find out about prices and the rules for using the camp. Written bookings to: Tanzania National Parks, PO Box 3134, Arusha. Tel: (027) 250 34 71, 250 19 30. (Internet: http://www.tanzaniaparks.com/)

Other accommodation options

Manyara Lake National Park (mainly for school and teaching groups), Serengeti National Park, YMCA hostels in Moshi and Dar es Salaam and the YWCA hostel (for women and couples) in Dar es Salaam.



Muslims (35%), Christians (30%), followers of natural religions (35%) and Hindu minority. Zanzibar is almost 100% Muslim.

Social rules of conduct

Manners: Shake hands to greet and say goodbye. A single person is greeted with a jambo, to which a jambo is returned. Groups are greeted with Hamjambo and greeted back with Hatujambo. Traditionally, people eat by hand, and hosts are happy to receive a gift.

Smoking: An ashtray is usually a sign that smoking is allowed. Cinemas and public transport are non-smoking areas. Especially in Zanzibar, where 95% of the population is Muslim, care should be taken to wear restrained clothing.

Taking photos:
It is strictly forbidden to take photos of military and security-relevant facilities (e.g. airports, bridges, etc.). Sometimes a small sum of money is expected. Always ask for permission before taking a picture.

is not common, although waiters and porters often expect a small fee.


Best travel time

Tropical climate, hot and humid on the coast, rainy seasons from mid-March to May and in November. Extremely dry on the plateau; the north-western highlands have a cool and temperate climate with rainy seasons from November to December and February to May.


Area code +255 Area (sqkm) 945087 Population 51045882 Population density (per sqkm) 54 Population in 2015 Member of the EU No main emergency number 112