According to Thereligionfaqs, Dar es Salaam is located in the northern part of the coast of Tanzania on the shore of the harbor. The city was founded in 1862 by the Sultan of Zanzibar, Majid ibn Said. It is the largest city and the main commercial port of the country. Dar es Salaam was the country’s capital from 1961 until the decision in 1973 to move it to Dodoma, but most ministries and all foreign embassies are still located here.
The main streets of the city originate from the port harbor, the main attractions are also located here. Along the harbor stretches the promenade with rows of coconut trees, numerous shops and restaurants. The architecture of Dar es Salaammixed German, British, African and Asian styles. The Asian quarter with the streets of India and Indira Gandhi is very beautiful. The area is similar to a small Bombay.
Government buildings are located just north of the harbor. They are centered around the Cariacou Market and the Clock Tower. Of the most noteworthy buildings, one can single out St. Joseph’s Cathedral, the University of Dar es Salaam , which rises on a hill, St. Peter ‘s Cathedral, the Sultan Majid’s palace and numerous mosques on Mosque Street. The city has several museums – The National Museum with a collection of archaeological finds and an anthropological collection, the Village Museum with an exposition telling about the life of the peoples of Tanzania, and the Nyumba-i-Sanaa Art Gallery with a collection of local crafts.
Dar es Salaam is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean. There are no beaches in the city itself, the nearest one is located in Oyster Bay, 10 km from the city. Also popular are the beaches of Ras Kutani, 50 km south of Dar es Salaam and Kunduchi beach , 24 km north of the city. All beaches are mostly private and belong to hotels. In addition, from Dar es Salaam to the islands Zanzibar and Pemba, which are famous for their beaches and underwater world, ferries run. deep sea fishing is possible
in Dar es Salaam. During the fishing season (September-March), fish such as bonito, barracuda, yellowfin tuna, marlin and large pelagic fish are caught on the hook.
7 km from the coast are the islands of Bongoyo and Mbudya, which are part of the Marine Reserve, created to protect coral reefs. These islands are uninhabited, where you can sunbathe on the beaches, snorkel or go diving. The marine life of these places is not as colorful as in Zanzibar, Pemba or Mafia, but it’s worth going here for a day.
72 km north of Dar es Salaam is the city of Bagamoyo, from where it is the closest to get to the island of Zanzibar. This is the oldest city in the country. In the village of Kaole, 5 km south of Bagamoyo, there are the ruins of two mosques made of coral stone and tombs dating back to the 13th century. The building of the Roman Catholic Church is also interesting in the city; it is considered the oldest Catholic church in East and Central Africa (1868). Here, in 1874, Livingston’s body was kept before being sent to his homeland.